Ju Li1

1, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States

Recent advances in nano-manipulation, environmental TEM and MEMS allow us to investigate coupled mechanical and electrochemical phenomena with unprecedented spatial and temporal resolutions. For example, we can now quantitatively characterize liquid-solid and gas-solid interfaces at nm-scale. These experiments greatly complement our modeling efforts, and together they help provide insights into how materials are transformed in synthesis and how they behave in service due to combined electrochemical-mechanical forces. Applying theory, modeling and lab-on-a-chip microscopy, together with cost modeling, can judiciously guide the scalable production of high-performance energy materials.